1. Adaptability and resilience of Indian Ocean Coastal and Maritime areas: In the context of Sustainable Coastal Management

Chairs: Bhanwar Vishvendra Raj Singh (Mohanlal Sukhadia University, India), Amit Batar (National Institute for Environmental studies, Japan), Dusytant Thakur (IGNOU, India) and Manjit Singh (South Central University, India)

Type: in person

In the era of climate change in coastal zones represents potential additional stress on ecosystems that are already under intense and growing pressure. Several countries are already been facing climate change effects such as increasing cyclones, flood frequency probabilities, erosion, inundation, rising water tables, salt water intrusion and biological effects.
In the Indian maritime and coastal areas is crumbling due to anthropogenic pressure that pressure convert to susceptible of mangroves zones, tidal deltas and low-lying coastal plains, sandy beaches, coastal wetlands, estuaries and coral reefs.
These bio-geophysical properties will have consequent effects on ecosystems and eventually affect socio-economic systems in the Indian Ocean coastal zone and maritime. One of example such as the Sundarbans, most important ecosystem of the South Asia continent will be totally lost with one meter rise in sea level. In this time, there are two options to minimize the impacts named mitigation and adaptation.
As we know, resilience, as a multi-disciplinary approach to operationalize pliability in environmental management and specifically Indian Ocean coastal governance – a thorough understanding of the concept of resilience and its different approaches is indispensable.
In this meantime, at the local level, there is a variety of area-based management approaches for coastal governance, such as Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM), and Marine Protected Areas (MPA) in which the concept of local coastal resilience to climate change can be embedded. Eventually, this session is based on adaptability and resilience of Indian coastal and maritime areas to tackling climate change phenomena for local sustainable management.

Keywords: climate change, adaption & mitigation, sustainable coastal management